What’s a Welcome Email Worth?


New guest author Drew Hudson — a colleague of longtime contributor Laura Packard at PowerThru Consulting — whips out some math to help figure out the real value of an email welcome series. This article first appeared on the PowerThru blog.

There’s been a really healthy, if vociferous, argument going around over whether or not to send a ‘welcome series’ of emails to new supporters on your email list. The concept is probably familiar: you send a pre-written package of emails over a few days or weeks to ease new people to your non-profit or political campaign onto your list. The pro and con go something like this:

PRO: By easing people onto the list and introducing them to our ladder of engagement, they are more likely to open, click, and donate later on. Good cultivation makes for better members.

CON: Other than checking for dead or spam-bot emails on your list, all a welcome series does is feed outdated content to members who otherwise have the highest-probability of being really active, engaged and excited. Why waste people’s initial enthusiasm with emails that aren’t about your hottest campaigns?

Well I LIKE a welcome series – dagnabbit. I’m old fashioned that way. But I was nervous about the impact on email deliverability. As I’ve chronicled elsewhere about email deliverability for non-profits and campaigns, there’s a real cost to emailing inactive members. And if all the welcome series was doing was turning people off or depressing the open and click rate, I didn’t want any part of it.

So, I set out to prove what a successful non-profit email welcome series is worth. What I found was surprising.

Our non-profit environmental advocacy client Environmental Action has been running a three-message welcome series for years now, but I chose to focus on the last 6 months of data. As you’ll see below, there’s plenty of volume here and the results are all statistically significant. The first message is a simple “hi, welcome!” with links to social media. The second changes every few weeks, but it’s always a top performing petition email. The third email is always a fundraiser; again the subject changes, but it’s something that performed well on a current campaign.

The rules of this particular non-profit welcome email series are simple, and probably familiar: Every new member who joins gets all 3 welcome emails, in order, about 2 days apart. So you get message one 24 hours after you sign your first petition, the second email 2 days later, and the third email 7 days after you joined (5 days after the second). During those 7 days, you’re not sent any other emails (usually). So while it’s possible to open just the second email and ignore the first and third, for example, most people act in sequence.

First, I checked the size of each of my three groups – these are counts of how many people opened (the basic metric of engagement) each email in the series. Later I’ll cross reference those openers with rates like click and action. Our Control is the total list of people who got the emails over the same 6 months – so it includes all three groups, plus a lot of people who didn’t open anything.

We start with a total list of 158,687 people who got ANY of the 3 messages over the 6 months. Of those:

  • 50,765 (32%) Opened the first message;
  • 33,579 opened the first and second message; &
  • 32,513 opened all three.

Here’s how that looks in chart form:

Email 1 welcome series chart

So this is telling us that if we send a simple email saying welcome, about 32% of people will open it and 9% will interact with the content inside. That’s a pretty solid open and action rate, compared to the industry standard benchmarks for non-profits.

But our broader question isn’t about the first email. It’s about whether sending people a welcome series makes them more likely to open, act or donate down the road.

Which brings us to email #2.There were two different variations on message 2, so I’m showing you the average of them. That’s why the control group is 92,338 here (even though the same ~160k people got an email, one send was larger. So we split the difference). Of those:

  • 48,484 had opened email 1, and were more than twice as likely to open email #2.
    • They also had an action rate (signatures / emails delivered) which was almost twice as high as the control group.
  • 55,172 opened email #2 – meaning that some 6688 people ignored the first message, but were compelled to open and act on the second.
  • 50,401 went on to open email #3 as well, meaning that 91% of Message #2 openers at least considered a fundraiser.

Here’s the chart (sum1 is email 1, sum2 is email 2 etc):

Welcome Email 2

So this is where things are getting interesting, according to this – it really DOES matter that we sent people a welcome series. People who got and opened message 1 were twice as likely than the control group to open the next email, and 91% more likely to click on it and sign the related petition or action.

If I could offer you an innovation like a better landing page or email format that improved open rates by 100% and click rates by 91% – you’d jump on it. As it turns out, that innovation basically amounts to saying “hey” to new people on the list.

But it’s not clear that there’s a big benefit to the third email asking people for money.

Those stats look like this: Three different fundraising messages were sent as part of the welcome series over this six month test – the average size of the send was 63,889 records, and that’s what we’re using as our control. Of those:

  • 27,767 (43%) that opened the third, had opened the first email, so there’s a strong correlation between staying on the list, and acting on that first email.
  • 33,585 (53%) had opened the second email, meaning that there’s an even stronger correlation at the second email.
  • Because it’s a fundraiser, action rates are not big enough to provide a meaningful sample. But the click/email rates indicate that it didn’t really matter which, if any, email you’d opened. Opening welcome series emails did not make you more or less likely to click on a fundraising email.

Here’s the (almost) last chart:

Welcome Email #3

So there it is – sending the first email wildly improved the performance of the second email. But sending the second email did not improve the performance of the third email by more than a few percent on open rate, and not at all on the click and donation rates.

But here’s the last, and most important missing piece – how do these segments (openers of emails 1, 2, or 3) compare to the rest of the population over the long haul? Does opening a “hey, welcome” email in your first 48 hours really make you more likely to donate, act or open emails 6 months or 6 years later?

You bet your get-out-of-spam-jail-free card it matters. Look at at this:

I mapped the total number of emails sent to our groups of Welcome series openers, and compared them to the “general population” of email recipients over 12 months.

email volume 6 month

As you can see, the average member in each segment received about 50 emails in the last 12 months, with the control and 1st email openers a little smaller – since by definition the email 2 and 3 openers ONLY includes people who’ve gotten at least one email, and there are some people on the Email 1 and Control group who are so new they haven’t gotten any.

Now look at the average opens – see how the Email 2 openers are much more likely to have opened 10 or more emails in the last 12 months?

Members who got and opened a welcome email were 20-30% more likely to open emails than the control. And for each email in the welcome series a member received and opened, they were 1% more likely to open ALL emails they got over the next year.

To. Email Received Count

Avg. emails received

To. Email opened Count

Avg. Email opened Count

open %

Email Clickthrough Count

click/email %

Donation Count

Alert Responses Count

Response rate/email

opened email 1











opened email 2











opened email 3






















Conclusion: It’s worth it to send at least one, and probably two welcome emails to new members on your non-profit or campaign email list. The value of a third email that asks for money is not as strong – but taking an extra 48-72 hours to welcome new people to your list, clean out the junk emails, and acclimate people to your cool content is well worth the investment.

Written by
Drew Hudson
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